Ransomware has become an increasingly common and dangerous over the years, and it doesn’t show any signs of slowing down or stopping. You can no longer avoid the fact that your data could be encrypted and potentially lost forever if you don’t take necessary steps to prevent ransomware from taking a hold of your computer. As with most things, the best way to prevent something like this from happening is to educate yourself about it.
First of all, most people don’t realize this, but your PC isn’t the only thing that’s at risk. Ransomware has been known to affect every from Android to Linux servers. Researchers have even found that ransomware could easily target such things as Mac OSX and smart TVs. No device is safe from this pervasive virus.
Prevention is key. Most ransomware programs get distributed through malicious email attachments, web-based exploits, and may be installed by other malware programs. Therefore it’s best to keep your computer & browsers up to date, that means running Windows Updates every now and then, carefully scrutinize emails before opening them, and make sure you have an active, up to date, antivirus. These are the best practices in preventing ransomware.
There is only one true way to mitigate the risk of ransomware, and that is to backup your data regularly. That doesn’t mean attaching an external hard drive your computer and backing up to it occasionally, as ransomware could easily infect an external drive as well. It’s best practice to follow the 3-2-1 rule. Have at least 3 copies of the data, stored in 2 different formats, with at least 1 of the copies stored offline. While this may seem excessive, this will ensure that your data will be safe from harmful ransomware.